首期国际城市创新领导力研讨班顺利开班

  2015年11月2日,首期国际城市创新领导力研讨班在中山大学开班。开幕仪式在怀士堂举行,广州市外事办公室主任、广州国际城市创新研究会秘书长刘保春担任主持。广州市副市长蔡朝林、中山大学副校长马骏教授、UCLG(世界城市和地方政府组织)亚太区秘书长Bernadia Tjandradewi 女士、世界大都市协会秘书长Felip Roca先生和中山大学政务学院何艳玲教授分别围绕会议主旨做开幕致辞和主题演讲。

  蔡朝林副市长从城市发展的大局出发,认为视野和创新对于一个城市发展至关重要。同时指出广州市之所以推出“广州奖”这个活动,正是充分认识到分享和学习对于城市发展续航力的重要性。而广州作为中国改革开放的前沿地,非常渴望同全球其他城市一道开创城市可持续发展的美好未来。

  马骏教授做了关于城市创新的主题演讲,认为创新对于城市的可持续发展有着非常重要的意义,同时也是增进人民福祉的有效手段。中山大学在城市管理的学科发展和决策咨询方面都处于全国领先地位,主办此次研讨班的政务学院具有全国一流的城市与地方治理学科。

  Bernadia Tjandradewi女士围绕如何寻找到卓越的城市领导者,如何使有效治理案例辐射到更大范围,如何在应对诸如性别歧视、气候变化等挑战的同时,实现城市的善治,是着重在其致辞中阐述的内容。

  Felip Roca先生在提出当前城市面临一系列诸如资源减少、治理危机等问题后,认为可持续发展是未来城市发展的必由之路。也提到了领导者能力建设对于城市发展的重要性。

  何艳玲教授首先提出了何为有效治理的问题,然后高度概括出当下中国城市治理所面临的五大挑战,即市政府与市民之间缺乏有效沟通;跨行政区的政府之间合作问题;城市政府面临的全球化挑战;如何利用数据来提高居民福祉问题以及最后财政系统的长效机制建设的问题,提出了建立Effective, Efficient和Responsive(EER)的城市公共服务模型。何教授还对接下来几天研讨班的活动安排做了阐述。

  开幕致辞结束后,联合国项目计划司司长Alioune Badiane做了“城市发展规划与合作”的精彩演讲,详细阐述了联合国人居组织对城市化问题的高度关注及其在可持续发展方面的战略方针和政策设计。叶林副教授担任该场主题发言的主持人。

  下午的活动在中山大学学人馆二号会议室举行,主要分为圆桌讨论和主题演讲两项内容。在圆桌讨论环节,游建华先生担任主持人,他从城市转型所遇到的挑战出发,结合自己在全世界多个城市的生活体验,讲述了城市在应对城市化、全球化以及气候变化的挑战。其后研讨班成员各自讲述了自己所在城市面临的城市化、全球化以及气候变化方面的问题。

  主题演讲环节,来自英国布里斯托的Shelly Nania以及来自印度海德拉巴的P.NarsingRao分别介绍了关于各自所在城市创新方面的成果。Shelly Nania在演讲中所强调的是布里斯托在投资数据基础设施建设的驱动力;智慧能源;智慧出行;公开数据:城市公开数据平台等方面的创新,特别是政府如何与公众一同建设智慧城市。P.Narsing Rao则在介绍海德拉巴的基本情况后,着重介绍了海德拉巴的产业转型、行政分权、电子化服务、财产税收等城市创新政策。研讨班成员在主题演讲结束后,进行了热烈的讨论。
  此次研讨班是由广州国际城市创新研究会、中山大学政治与公共事务管理学院、城市创新委员会、世界城市和地方政府组织、世界大都市协会联合主办,中山大学政治与公共事务管理学院中国城市与地方治理研究中心承办。旨在为全球城市决策者和管理者提供一个交流学习、共同提升的平台。11月2日是本次研讨班开展活动的第一天,接下来的几天,还会有更加丰富的活动内容。敬请期待!

On 2nd November 2015, the opening ceremony of the first workshop for Thought Leaders: Learning from Urban Innovation took place in Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou. This workshop is committed to addressing global issues through urban innovation and establishing a global community of sharing experiences on urban governance for cities around the world. Officials of international organizations and local governments from 22 cities of 12 countries participate in this workshop. The workshop is co-hosted by Guangzhou Institute for Urban innovation, Sun Yat-sen University, Urban innovation Committee, UCLG ASPAC and the METROPOLIS, and is organized by Center of Urban and Local Governance, School of Government of Sun Yat-sen University.

The Director General of Foreign Affairs Office of Guanghzou Municipal People’s Government Mr. Liu Baochun hosted the opening ceremony. Vice Major Cai gave the first speech on behalf of the Guangzhou Municipal People’s government conveying the idea that Guangzhou is well prepared to deepen urban innovation. He specially stressed the function of Guangzhou Award as an international platform, through which city leaders from the world could share wisdom and enhance understanding. The second speaker is Professor Ma Jun, the vice president of Sun Yat-sen University. His statement focused on sustainable urban development that is regarded as the momentum for pursuing public good. Then comes the speech of Madam Bernadia Tjandradewi, the Secretary General of UCLG ASPAC. She emphasized that cities should get inspiration from each other to tackle urban problems such as climate change, migration, discrimination and pollution. She appealed to city leaders around the world should work hand in hand so that no one will be left behind. Mr Felip Roca, the secretary general of METROPOLIS gave the last keynote speech. His speech was on urban capacity building and global cooperation for urban innovation. He indicated that urban sustainable development relies on continuing urban innovation. In the end, Professor He Yanling of Sun Yat-sen University gave her keynote speech and provided a brief introduction to the workshop. In her speech, she pointed out the 5 challenges city leaders have encountered, which formed the missions of this workshop.

After the opening ceremony, the first discussion took place. Professor Ye Lin from School of Government of Sun Yat-sen University moderated the morning session. Aioune Badinane, the Director of Programme Division, UN-Habitat gave a speech on Urban Development Planning and cooperation. He introduced Habitat III strategy for a sustainable urban future and covered many topics on challenges urbanization brings about, including poverty, sustainable transport, cultural heritage preservation, waste management, public space and so on. He addressed that it is the first time to recognize urbanization as the key of sustainable urban development in UN-Habitat. In the last part of his presentation, he led a productive discussion on the misuse of public space with a sharp insight. Several participants shared their experiences on sustainable urban development.  

The afternoon session of the workshop consists of a roundtable discussion with the theme “Issues and Challenges in Urban Transformation” hosted by Nicholas You, the Advisor to the Guangzhou Award and Professor Ye Lin and two case-study presentations by Shelly Nania from Britol and P.Narsing Rao from Hyderabad. The main discussion question put forward by Mr. You is that “How does Climate Change, Localization and Urbanization affect your city?” All attendants stated their most concerned urban problems caused by these three irreversible changes, meanwhile shared practices that successfully tackle urban problems. The case study of Bristol has displayed its outstanding urban innovations such as smart mobility programme, citizens’ sensor box and REPLICATE programme. The City Hall of Bristol is making the city a laboratory for change as well as an Internet of things testbed. Mr. Rao presented several urban innovations in Hyderabad such as in digital services and decentralization through IT techniques. He also had an in-depth discussion with the attendants around citizen participation in urban innovation action. In the end, Mr. You closed today’s discussion with a comprehensive conclusion. He emphasized that city managers are to tackle old problems with new methods, however, the only effective way is the governance approach. How does local authorities engage citizens and at which point to engage them is the first level governance should answer. The higher level of governance is to modify the structure of government because the structure is the key to realize those bright innovations. Economy, governance and technology will be the new three pillars for sustainability.